Changes in the immigration policy of Canada.
Everybody is striving to Canada, because today it is one of the richest, peaceful and peaceful countries in the world. Considering Canada and any country in the post-Soviet space, with an unaided eye one can see that the average Canadian really lives much better than the average citizen of the CIS. For comparison: a simple Canadian to thirty years of his life can independently buy a house on credit, but at normal interest; so can not hesitate, fly two or three times a year to the ocean, buy yourself a new car; and actually do not worry about the availability of money.
Canada has an unusually high level of immigration, and equally unusual nationwide support for a high level of immigration. If we consider this issue from the inside, then in recent years, Canada is becoming more dependent on newly arrived immigrants. The population of the country is aging, the number of Canadian pensioners is increasing. Canada has already faced a shortage of labor in the various provinces of the country.
Until recently, the Canadian immigration policy was aimed at economic immigrants as permanent residents to increase the population growth of the country. However, over the past few years, significant changes have taken place in the Canadian immigration policy. Since 2009, Canada has been taking more and more temporary foreign workers every year than immigrants for permanent residence. Such a Canadian desire to fill vacant jobs with temporary foreign workers will certainly have consequences.
There is a big difference between immigrants who came for permanent residence and temporary foreign workers. Getting to Canada for permanent residence is not so simple. It is important to find yourself in this country and in time, before preparing for immigration to prepare for business, to think in advance of its structure, so as not to overpay taxes, get the necessary insurance and get important consultations. Immigrants come to Canada with the goal of finally settling in a new place and become part of the Canadian society. They seek to obtain citizenship and participate in the life of society.
Immigration to Canada is possible in several categories: professional; business category; family immigration; refugees; immigration to Quebec; there are also IT-immigrants. Foreign workers who come to the country are present in Canada only legally, as long as they are needed by the Canadian employer. Many work permits are valid for a maximum of four years, and then foreign workers leave for home or go underground.
One of the important results of emigration is also the improvement of the Canadian demographic situation for 2012.
The figures show that the population of Canada is now.
million people, which makes it the fastest growing country in the G8. It is also shown that two-thirds of this increase was due to immigration, and that population growth occurred throughout the country.
In January, at the World Economic Forum in Davos (Switzerland), Prime Minister Stephen Harper of Canada outlined a plan for Canada’s broad and lasting economic change. The key to this plan is significant reforms of the immigration system.
Minister of Immigration Jason Kenny said about one significant change in the criteria used to assess specialists in the program Federal Skilled Worker. It will be changed to “see young workers for whom jobs will be prepared in advance, and move to a system that will actively encompass and involve those who already have skills.” The central place in this change in the selection criteria will be a new emphasis on skilled workers, with experience, rather than having a higher education.
Additionally, changes will be made to entrepreneurial and investor programs. Greater attention will be paid to individuals who come to Canada to create “high-tech and research development companies that will create wealth for the future.” These changes have the opportunity to facilitate immigration for workers who were not previously able to qualify for permanent residence.
Currently, it is hoped that by pursuing such a line, Canada will use a more flexible immigration program to fill the gaps in the labor market.
The Minister of Immigration stressed Canada’s continued commitment to maintaining a high level of immigration, indicating that, despite the global recession, Canada has adopted more immigrants than any other developed country.
Yu. V. Osmak, S. V. Balakin Ural State University of Economics (Yekaterinburg)
Changes in the immigration policy of Canada.