Facts about asylum, immigration and integration in Norway.

Facts about asylum, immigration and integration in Norway.
On the site I found an interesting article with statistics about immigrants in Norway. Despite the rumors circulated by the Norwegian media about the excesses committed by refugees, the statistics of the Directorate for Foreigners Affairs (UDI) shows the opposite. For the article to be read by those who do not know Norwegian, but who are interested in the problem, I translated it without any notes.
A small comment is not on the merits – as I did not share the number of asylum seekers in 2002. for various reasons, I have not received the total number of applicants deducted in the article. Every reader can try to do these simple arithmetic operations on their own.
Facts about asylum, immigration and integration in Norway.
The Foreigners Directorate (DPI) has produced a collection of facts about asylum, immigration and integration.
– Immigration to Norway is stopped?
No. On the contrary, Norway has limited and regulated immigration.
In 1988, the Storting adopted a law on foreigners, which regulates which foreigners, upon application, may be permitted to visit Norway or to settle and work in it.
– How many immigrants live in Norway?
According to the data of the Central Statistical Bureau, at the beginning of 2003 there were about 330,000 people living in Norway with foreign roots – 7.3% of the population.
30% of immigrants come from Western countries, 70% from non-Western countries. 277,000 have independently immigrated to Norway, while 56,000 are those born in Norway, both parents are foreigners. For the year 2002. the population increased due to immigration to 21,300 people. Since 1990. the number of western-born immigrants increased by 21,000, while the number of immigrants from non-Western countries increased by 144,000.
The largest increase was achieved due to immigrants from Eastern Europe. The most numerous immigrant groups in Norway are descendants from Pakistan, Sweden, Denmark and Iraq.
– How many people come to Norway every year for asylum?
The quantity varies from year to year. In the mid-nineties, there were few asylum-seekers, but then their number soared, reaching a peak in 2002.
At that time, almost 17,500 people applied for asylum in Norway.
It seems that in 2003. that the number of those who wish to take refuge will decrease somewhat.
In 2001 and early 2002. many of those wishing to take refuge (more than 40%) came from safe countries, primarily from Eastern Europe. Such effective measures as expedited trial of cases, reduction of cash benefits and information campaigns led to the fact that today few of those who wish to take refuge (less than 10%) come from these countries. the majority of those wishing to take refuge came from Serbia and Montenegro, Somalia, Afghanistan, Iraq and Russia (many in connection with Chechnya).
– How many refugees find protection in Norway every year?
The number of refugees who find protection varies according to the number of asylum seekers and from which countries they come from. In the mid-nineties, their number was 2000-3000 people per year, whereas the last four years they numbered from 4,000 to 5,500. Almost 30% of those who received protection are immigrants, whom Norway accepted under the program of cooperation with the UN. The most numerous refugee groups living in Norway come from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iraq, Vietnam and Iran.
– Is it true that only those granted asylum have a real need for protection?
No, many asylum seekers receive a residence permit instead for reasons related to the need for protection (previously it was called a residence permit for humanitarian reasons). Of the approximately 17,900 asylum seekers whose applications were considered in 2002, 2.2% (332 people) were granted asylum because of the risk of being persecuted. 11.3% (1741 people) received a residence permit for other reasons related to the need to provide protection, for example, due to common security problems in their homeland. In addition, the application was 7.9% (1217 people) satisfied because of strong human reasons (for example, due to medical reasons) or because of close ties with Norway (for example, taking into account the interests of children after a long stay in Norway).
/ Note: here I did not manage to get the given interest, I even made an attempt to divide the receivers by 17500 (see above), but the effect was the same /
– What is it that those seeking asylum seekers who live in the receivers?
A receiver for asylum seekers is a voluntarily accepted residence offered to asylum seekers for a period of time while their application is pending.
Asylum-seekers who do not have their own funds or temporary work can receive cash assistance of up to 2,790 kronor per month if they live in a receptacle where they themselves prepare food, while they receive up to 1135 kroons a month if they live in the receiver, where there is a free dining room.
Once the asylum seeker is denied, cash payments are reduced, so residents who prepare food themselves receive 1655 kroons a month, while a person living in a free-meal receiver does not receive any money.
Reduction of payments is due to the fact that a person who has refused to receive asylum must immediately leave the country.
On average, the maintenance of one place in the receiver costs 108,000 kroons per year.
– Are there many criminals among the asylum seekers?
Judging by the headlines in the media, there are many criminal persons among those who ask for asylum.
Criminal elements that abuse the asylum system harm both the surrounding residents and law-abiding persons seeking asylum, and their majority.
In this regard, the Directorate for Foreigners pays special attention to the immediate examination of cases where information is received about criminal activities.
After that, it is already the police’s task to ensure the prompt expulsion from the country of all those who have been refused asylum.
In 2002 The DPI received 150 applications from receivers and police across the country about the speedy processing of applications for asylum because of criminal acts.
On average, about 16,000 people lived in about 140 receivers during the year.
Consequently, reports of criminal manifestations covered less than one percent of asylum seekers.
– Are all immigrants who commit criminal acts to be expelled from Norway?
In the end, all foreign citizens who have committed criminal acts, the level of punishment for which exceeds a certain level, can be deported, if this is not fraught with danger for them to lose their lives or be subjected to inhuman treatment at home.
Criminal immigrants who are Norwegian citizens are subject to punishment in Norway.
For all foreign citizens, a specific assessment is made of the seriousness of the violation of the law in comparison with the degree of communication between a person and Norway (length of stay, availability of dependents, etc.).
The more serious violation of the law takes place, the more likely that a person will be deported. The government recently proposed to tighten the rules of expulsion.
– Who can come to Norway to work?
Citizens of the Nordic countries do not need a work permit, and simplified rules apply for citizens of the EEC and EFTA countries.
All others in order to work in Norway must apply for a work permit.
The two largest groups of workers from countries outside the EEC / EFTA zone are seasonal workers and specialists.
Seasonal workers receive a work permit for up to three months and work mainly in agriculture for harvesting.
In 2002, 15,700 people received permits for seasonal work.
Specialists with special education can obtain a work permit in Norway by the profession they were trained in.
Up to 5,000 professionals can obtain a work permit each year.
In 2003, 1,676 people received a work permit as specialists, mainly in health care and construction.
– What family members can be allowed to reunite with his family in Norway?
Mostly, only spouses and children under the age of 18 can obtain a residence permit in Norway to live with their closest relatives.
The most important principle is that anyone who intends to come to Norway should be properly provided.
For a person who lives in Norway and has refugee status (received asylum) or is a Norwegian citizen, the security requirement does not apply.
In 2002 14,200 people received the right to reunite with their families. 6,300 of them were reunited with Norwegian citizens.
The largest groups came from Iraq, Somalia, Thailand and Russia.
– What do the Norwegian authorities do to promote the best integration of immigrants into Norwegian society?
The Storting adopted in June 2003. a new law on primary adaptation, which provides for a serious reform of municipalities to integrate newly arrived refugees. All newly arrived refugees and their families now have the rights and responsibilities to participate in the primary adaptation program, which should help them to learn Norwegian and find a fitting place in their work and social life. In addition, a number of measures are being implemented that should facilitate integration and prevent the detachment of immigrants from Norwegian society. Part of these measures is indicated in the government action plan against racism and discrimination. Further, the government recently sent a proposal to all Norwegian immigrants arriving in Norway to obtain a residence permit (permit for settlement) and, in the long term, Norwegian citizenship, to study Norwegian language and social science in the amount of 300 hours.