Immigration to Italy.
Active migration to Italy of residents of other countries began to be observed back in the 70’s. By 2010, it was the fourth country in Europe by the number of immigrants after Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom. If earlier the people of the country themselves emigrated in search of better living conditions, then after the economic boom of the late 60’s, not only did the departed Italians return, but the number of immigrants sharply increased.
The Immigration Law of Italy.
The Italian government has been pursuing a policy of open doors for more than 40 years & raquo; in relation to foreigners who are able to contribute to the economic development of the country. However, in recent years, measures have been taken to limit migration flows and streamline them.
In 1998, a law on migration was adopted, according to which many illegal migrants were deported. In 2002, the legislation was toughened even more when the demand for the immediate deportation of illegal immigrants was accepted. Since 2009, illegal migration has been declared a crime, but the penalty for illegally staying on Italian territory in comparison with other European countries is much milder: an administrative fine (5-10 thousand euros) and expulsion from the country.
At the same time, the conditions for the stay of foreigners on a legal basis are improving. Despite the fact that the selection is quite strict, it is quite realistic to conduct the entire immigration process for 100 days and obtain the status of a resident of Italy, which grants all civil, administrative, labor and social rights to foreigners along with the citizens of the country.
Opportunities to immigrate to Italy.
The ways in which you can immigrate to Italy are standard for many European countries:
marriage and family reunification; work for hire and individual business; education in Italy; financing of the economy (for wealthy citizens and rich retirees).
Having received the status of a temporary or permanent resident of the country, an immigrant receives many opportunities:
live and work without restriction of time and place; to use pension and social security services; freely move through all countries of the Schengen area; to transport family and invite friends and relatives; to study on preferential terms in educational institutions of the EU.
Features of the immigration policy of Italy.
The peculiarities of Italy’s immigration requirements are the absence of restrictions: on income level for business immigration, high requirements for the possession of the Italian language, the place of residence (Italy, the European Union or other countries), as well as providing very large benefits when buying real estate.
By the Law of & about the Aliens & raquo; 1998 provides the following basic requirements for new residents of the country:
& laquo; References of a moral nature & raquo ;: business reputation, impeccable past, lack of links with criminals. & laquo; Economic references & raquo ;: guarantees of economic independence and stability of income, availability of funds on a personal bank account.
The Italian government is interested in the influx of foreign labor, despite the current situation in its own labor market, which has deteriorated significantly during the economic crisis. Requirements for potential immigrants are softer than in other euro area countries. And the policy towards foreigners provides almost all the difficulties that immigrants can face, and gives very serious social guarantees.
Immigration to Italy.