The most common violations of migration legislation, the regime of stay in the Russian Federation and the responsibility for them.

The most common violations of migration legislation, the regime of stay in the Russian Federation and the responsibility for them.
There are many reasons and purposes for traveling abroad. People go to work, rest, do business, visit relatives or friends. Many people want to visit other countries, however, not everyone knows that, while in another state, the traveler is obliged to observe the legislation and generally accepted norms of the country of destination and society. Moreover, often people, even knowing about the need to act within the legal norms of the state, ignore or violate them due to ignorance. Rather, ignorance of migration rules and laws of a specific country most often causes violation of the migration legislation of a foreign power.
Ignorance of the rules is not an excuse for indulgence. Any new normative act is published in publicly accessible publications, so that everyone has the opportunity to get acquainted with its text. Reluctance to read about their rights and responsibilities, as a rule, leads to adverse consequences. Most often they appear in the form of bringing to legal responsibility.
Sanctions for violation of migration legislation bear such functions:
kara – negative consequences for a negative act; upbringing – the development of the behavior of the individual within a framework that will subsequently exclude liability; prevention – a decrease in the desire to allow unlawful similar acts in other persons.
As a sanction for violation of migration legislation in the Russian Federation in 2018, fines are mainly foreseen. However, levies may appear in other forms, for example, deportation, imposing a ban on entry into the territory of the Russian Federation for a certain period.
Who is the subject of violations in the field of migration.
Migration rules regulate the order of stay of foreign citizens in the territory of the Russian Federation. In view of this it is quite simple to determine that foreigners and non-resident stateless persons who temporarily or permanently reside in the state act as subjects of offenses in the sphere of migration, registration of foreign citizens in the Russian Federation, the regime of crossing the state border and staying in the country.
In the majority of cases, in cases of visits by non-residents of the Russian Federation and organization of the registration of migrants in 2018, three parties (the subject) are involved:
a foreigner himself or a non-resident stateless person; a natural or legal person – a resident of the Russian Federation, acting as the host country; state body in the field of migration policy.
Since all these bodies participate in migration processes, they are obliged to observe the legal norms in the field of migration regulation and for each of them there is a legal liability for non-compliance with the rules.
Norms in the field of migration do not limit their validity only to the order of crossing the state border of the Russian Federation and the duration of stay on the territory of the country. The set of rules also covers the procedures for the registration of foreign citizens at the place of residence, the employment of non-residents, the processing of documents with the participation of such persons, by applying to state bodies for the extension of the right of residence or the right to residence in the Russian Federation.
Types of offenses.
Legal liability is provided for a large number of violations in the field of migration. The most common of these are three groups:
offenses related to the established regime for the stay of non-residents in the Russian Federation; non-compliance with the procedure for granting work for foreign citizens in Russian companies; non-compliance with the requirements of the legislation in the sphere of registration of migrants by one of the parties to the process.
The first group includes a number of misdemeanors related to the order of entry-exit and stay in the Russian Federation. To such the legislator relates:
violation of the rules of entry into the territory of the Russian Federation; violation of the regime foreseen for persons passing through the Russian Federation by transit; lack of necessary documents for travel, movement and stay within the state border of the Russian Federation; passing the deadline for registration in government agencies in the field of migration; incorrectly indicated in the migration card or other documents the purpose of the visit to the country; an attempt to obtain the right to enter the country or solve other problems by providing untruthful information about yourself, as well as the use of forged documents for the same purposes.
All these violations are included in the category of administrative misconduct. For them comes the inevitable legal responsibility. Even if the act was not immediately revealed, and the person was not personally recovered during the stay in the country, the offense is entered in the Ministry of the Interior database for foreigners and then acts as a serious obstacle for a repeated visit to the Russian Federation. This situation is the basis for the ban on entering the Russian Federation.
As of 2018 for the above offenses provided for such legal liability as fines and expulsion. A fine may be imposed in the amount of 2 to 5 thousand rubles. Additional (not mandatory, but possible in the light of the tightening of the migration policy of the Russian Federation in 2018 is quite likely) recovery may be the expulsion outside the Russian Federation.
It is highly recommended in the event of such an offense to immediately pay a fine. For late payment, an offender may be fined twice or even placed under administrative arrest.
The second group is violations in the sphere of labor rights of foreign citizens and the procedure for exercising their labor function on the territory of the Russian Federation. On the part of non-residents can be expressed in:
the implementation of any work without registration in government agencies in the field of migration of the relevant document – a patent or permit; non-observance of the restrictions established for the labor activity of foreign citizens.
Penalties for such acts are appointed from 2 to 5 thousand rubles, there is a possibility of expulsion of foreign citizens.
For violations in the sphere of labor activity, officials responsible for such violations can be held accountable. As a rule, the employer admits the following violations:
failure to notify the state agency on the employment of foreign citizens (fines for citizens are from 2 to 5 thousand, for officials – from 25 to 50 thousand, for legal entities – from 250 to 800 thousand rubles, except this for the enterprise may be threatened with suspension of activities for a period of up to 3 months); non-compliance with restrictions on attracting foreign citizens to certain kinds of work (penalty for officials – 45-50 thousand, companies – 800 thousand – million rubles); filing false information about a non-resident worker (a fine for an employer is 350-800 thousand, officials – 35-80 thousand, a foreigner – 2-5 thousand rubles).
For non-payment, it is also possible to double fines or apply administrative arrest to violators.
The law also provides for other penalties for violation of accounting, the procedure for crossing the border, the filing of registration documents. The most common among them:
So, in 2018, for a violation of the procedure for recording and other migration rules in the Russian Federation, a non-resident may be brought to administrative responsibility mainly in the form of fines.